Aug 27, 2010

Bank of Umbilical Cord Blood

"Hey mommy! The navel is not just for tickling!"
John is a donor of stem cells umbilical cord
Aiming contribute to the improvement of medicine in our country and be consistent with their vocation, the Beneficent Society Hospital Albert Einstein is a public bank for umbilical cord blood: the RedeCord.

This initiative, linked to the network BrasilCord the Ministry of Health and with the collaboration of the transfusion centers from Unicamp and USP - Ribeirão Preto, aims to benefit thousands of Brazilians.

Current applications of stem cells in medicine - Stem cells from umbilical cord are used as an alternative to bone marrow transplant to treat leukemia, lymphoma, aplastic anemia and inherited disorders of blood, like sickle cell anemia and thalassemia. Stem cells are derived mainly from bone marrow and, in addition to its use in bone marrow transplantation, recently they have been used in the treatment of refractory cardiac vascular diseases. Other types of stem cells are derived from preimplantation embryos (blastocysts) have great potential for differentiation and, theoretically, could give rise to any tissue type.

World Overview - Banks Umbilical Cord Blood are being created in several countries, especially the global network NetCord, a nonprofit institution, established in Europe. This network, which already has about 180 thousand units frozen gathers associated banks in Europe, Australia, Israel, USA and Japan
In Brazil, the Ministry of Health regulates the operation of banks of umbilical cord blood. For operation of the bank RedeCord also will adopt the principles of ethical and technical NetCord.

Objectives RedeCord - In 5 years, the RedeCord should reach 10 thousand samples of umbilical cord blood among the 20 thousand samples provided for the initial phase of BrasilCord. Moreover, there is the possibility to exchange samples with foreign banks participating in the global network Netcord, increasing the chances of finding compatible cells for transplantation.

Aug 24, 2010

Bilingual Babies!

In my house we speak Hebrew, Portuguese and English. We live in Brazil (portuguese language country). My little baby Hannah (only 3 months) can develop speech and language comprehension usually in any language?

Teaching your child a foreign language

Primed for Learning: Your newborn has a better chance of becoming fluent in a second language than many highly educated adults.

"Between birth and age 8, your child's brain is uniquely hard-wired to absorb languages and to learn to pronounce words with a native accent," says Stacy DeBroff, mother of two and author of The Mom Book: 4,278 of Mom Central's Tips – for Moms From Moms (Free Press 2002). "Children learn languages very differently from adults, with studies finding that children even store a second language in a different area of the brain." 

DeBroff, a former Harvard lawyer who also runs Mom Central, Inc. and the Web site, understands the benefits of children learning foreign languages on a neurological level as well as a social one.

DeBroff says it is never too early to start teaching children a foreign language. When most parents are concerned only with comprehension of English, they fail to understand just how incredibly children's brains function. "The earlier children start learning a second language, the better, even as early as 1 year old," she says. "Many teachers and linguists recommend starting the language learning process as soon as possible, even before children become verbal in their first language. Even though children are not speaking at that point, they are actively absorbing and processing language."

Read more:

Aug 18, 2010

Cow's milk in the mommy's diet can cause colics in infants?

Give your baby a gentle tummy massage  
The one food that is the most common offender in causing problems with sensitivity and allergies is cow's milk. That's why it's the first food you should work on reducing or eliminating if you suspect your baby has a food sensitivity. It may take ten days to two weeks to eliminate cow's milk protein from your diet, so wait at least two weeks before you decide whether cow's milk is the problem.

The problem with cow's milk is the protein, which is difficult for babies to digest, not with the lactose. Human beings are not born lactose intolerant, unless they are born with a rare metabolic disorder. Lactose intolerance is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down lactose (milk sugar) so it can be easily digested. Mammals are born with this enzyme in their intestines. As they grow older and wean, the lactase enzyme decreases. That's why lactose intolerance rarely shows up in humans before age 3, since that's the average age of weaning (if that shocks you, check out the article on "Weaning".) Lactose intolerance is more common in Asian and African adults.

The proteins in cow's milk are primarily caseins, which are harder to digest than whey
proteins, which are more prominent in human milk. The proteins in cow's milk pass into your milk, and can cause digestive problems for your baby. These proteins can even sensitize your baby before birth if you drink lots of milk during your pregnancy. If you decide to reduce or eliminate dairy products, remember than processed milk presents less of a problem than whole milk.

You may be able to continue eating yogurt and cheese while cutting back or eliminating milk. Since milk and milk products are important sources of calcium, be sure to calcium from other sources, such as broccoli, nuts, spinach, and canned salmon. Taking a calcium supplement would be a good idea if you are limiting your intake of dairy products. You need about 1,000 mg of calcium each day if you are between 18-50 years of age, whether you are lactating or not. While nursing mothers do lose some bone mass during lactation, by the time your baby has been weaned for a year, this lost bone mass in not only completely restored, but research has shown that women who breastfeed have half the risk of bone fractures as women who never breasted, and the longer you nurse, the lower the risk. Breastfeeding actually protects you from osteoporosis.

*If you’re breast-feeding, try to eliminate dairy from your diet along with other foods such as onions, cabbage, cauliflower, spicy foods, caffeine, beans or other gas producing foods. Before eliminating diary from your diet be sure to check with your doctor first. Your doctor may or may not want you to eliminate dairy from your diet or he/she may want you to take calcium supplements

Aug 13, 2010

The musicality of the babies.

Music’s roots may lie in melodic exchanges between mothers and babies
By Bruce Bower - ScienceNews Magazine

“Babies are born with a musical readiness that includes a basic sense of timing and rhythm,” declares Trevarthen, of the University of Edinburgh.

Scientists have been finding that these chubby-cheeked cherubs heed a musical sense that moves them and grooves them long before they utter a word. Within a day or two after birth, babies recognize the first beat in a sound sequence; neural signs of surprise appear when that initial “downbeat” goes missing. Classical music lights up specific hearing areas in newborns’ right brains. Even more intriguingly, babies enter the world crying in melodic patterns that the little ones have heard in their mothers’ conversations for at least two months while in the womb (Read more, click here)

Read also: The Music of Mozart for Babies

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Aug 10, 2010

The suction of the breast mommy is important for the Baby

Facilitates proper dental and jaw development
Nursing is good for a baby's tooth and jaw development. Babies drinking from the human breast have to use as much as 60 times more energy to get food than do those drinking from a bottle. Obviously, a nursing baby's jaws are receiving much more exercise as she pulls her mother's milk into her mouth. Apparently, this constant gentle pulling assists the growth of well-formed jaws and straight, healthy teeth. Among breastfed infants, the longer the duration of nursing, the less chance of dental malocclusion.

Breastfed babies have less tooth decay
Breast milk contains bacteria fighting cells that may help kill the bacteria that cause tooth decay. Furthermore, bottle-fed babies "are at increased risk for baby bottle caries, a destructive dental condition which occurs when a baby is put to bed with a bottle containing formula, milk, juice or other fluids high in carbohydrates. Extensive dental repair may be required at a cost of thousands of dollars." Furthermore, breast milk contains bacteria fighting cells that may help kill the bacteria that cause tooth decay.

Less money spent on corrective orthodontia
The longer you breastfeed, the more likely the babies teeth will come in properly. If the teeth come in straight, there's no need to fix them.

Better speech development
Tongue thrust problems often develop among bottle-fed babies as they try to slow down the flow of milk coming from an artificial nipple. This can lead to speech problems later on. "Early weaning may lead to the interruption of proper oral motor development provoking alterations to the posture and strength of the speech organs and harming the functions of chewing, swallowing, breathing, and articulation of speech sounds. The lack of physiological sucking on the breast may interfere in the oral motor development, possibly causing malocclusion, oral respiration and oral motor disorders."

Better social development
The psychomotor and social development of breastfed babies clearly differs from that of bottle fed ones and leads at the age of 12 months to significant advantages of the psychomotor and social capabilities.